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Payroll Taxes in NYC: A Detailed Debate

NYC Payroll Taxes

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Payroll taxes in NYC are imposed on employees’ salaries and earnings to pay for social security programs, including Medicare, Social Security, and unemployment insurance. The second-largest source of combined federal, state, and local tax income after social security taxes, payroll taxes account for 23.05 per cent of these total revenues.

Who Pays the Payroll Taxes in NYC?

While payroll tax in NYC is legally imposed in whole or in part on employers, workers effectively pay almost all of the payroll tax rather than sharing the burden with their employers. It is because NYC’s law and bookkeepers determine the tax incidence. 

The person who pays a tax to the federal government is often different from the person who pays the tax. Typically, the market decides how the tax burden is shared between buyers and sellers based on which party is more sensitive to price changes (economists call these “relative price elasticities”).

The supply of labour (i.e. the willingness of workers to work) is much less sensitive to taxes than the demand for delivery or the willingness of employers to hire workers. It is because workers who need a job are less responsive to wage changes, but companies are able to look for the best workforce or relocate production. 

Ultimately, the employees pay their own share of the wage tax and most of the employer’s share in the form of lower wages. The following graphic shows roughly how the labour market distributes the wage tax burden. The fact that the labour supply line is steeper than the labour demand line shows that workers are less sensitive to wage changes than employers.

What are the Most Considerable Wage Taxes?

In the United States, the largest payroll taxes in NYC are a 12.4 per cent tax to fund Social Security and a 2.9 per cent tax to fund Medicare 15.3 per cent. Funding social security has the greatest rate of taxation, which is 12.4%. the total Medicare and social security tax become 15.3%. the employer and employee pay it equally, i.e., Half of the payroll taxes in NYC (7.65 per cent).

The withholding will be shown on pay slips as FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act) and MEDFICA (Medicare Federal Insurance Contributions Act). The self-employee pays both the employer and the employee side of the wage tax.

While FICA taxes are capped on Social Security and apply to a 2019 wage base of no more than $ 132,900, there is no similar cap on MEDFICA tax liability, meaning the 2.9 percent Medicare Tax applies to all wages and salaries. The states also levy wage taxes to fund unemployment insurance programs; employers, not employees pay these taxes.

The Employees Bear the Wage Tax Burden

With roughly Half of the wage taxes that fund social security and medicare being paid by employers but are borne by workers in the form of lower wages, rather than appearing entirely on pay slips, taxpayers may underestimate the real impact of these social programs on the budget.

What are Gross Taxable Wages?

The gross taxable wage describes the money your employee earns that is subject to income tax withholding and FICA tax. Taxable wages do not include non-taxable income or pre-tax deductions such as B. Reimbursements or deductions for health insurance following Section 125.

To calculate gross taxable wage, subtract health insurance deduction from gross wage ($ 1,000 – $ 100 = $ 900). Do not add up the reimbursement. The taxable gross salary is $ 900 (this is the amount you calculate FICA tax on).

After you’ve calculated all of the taxes on the $900 gross taxable wage, add the $ 200 expense reimbursement. The $ 200 reimbursement increases the net wage you pay the employee.

Income and Unemployment: the Other Wage Taxes

Now that you know that FICA and self-employment tax are wage taxes, let’s take a quick look at income and unemployment tax. You must withhold income tax from your employee’s wages unless your employee is exempt from income tax. The types of income taxes include:

  • Federal income tax
  • State income taxes
  • Local income taxes

Most states have state income taxes. If you are in a state where state income taxes are withheld, collect your employees’ W-4 forms to determine the amount per paycheck. Check with your local council to see if you need to withhold local taxes from your employees.

Unemployment tax consultants in NYC are the other type of income tax that you have to pay. In contrast to income taxes, employers usually pay unemployment taxes. The two types of unemployment taxes are:

  • Federal unemployment tax (FUTA)
  • State unemployment tax (SUTA)

As with wage taxes, you calculate your unemployment tax contributions based on your employees’ gross wages.

Note that income and unemployment taxes are technically not wage taxes.

Payroll Taxes in NYC and Their Percentages to be Paid

Sum up all the payroll taxes to know how much you have to pay from your payrolls each year. For details, read the following: 


The FICA tax is an employee and employer-paid tax accountant NYC for Social Security and Medicare. Both you and your employee pay appropriate contributions.

The total employee contribution is 7.65%, and you pay a corresponding contribution of 7.65%. This FICA tax rate includes Social Security and Medicare taxes.

The Social Security Tax Rate

Every employee pays a social security tax rate of 6.2%. You also pay 6.2% for each employee. So if an employee’s gross taxable wage for the pay period is $ 1,000, the employee pays $ 62, and you would pay $ 62.

The Social Security wage base is $ 142,800 for the year 2021. The wage base means employees continue to contribute to Social Security until their annual gross taxable earnings reach $ 142,800.

Medicare Tax Rate

The Medicare tax rate is 1.45% of each employee’s wage. You also have to contribute 1.45%.

There is no base wage limit on Medicare taxable wages. Instead, there is an additional Medicare tax of 0.9% after an employee earns a specific salary. This extra tax is based on the employee’s enrollment status:

Self-Employment Tax

In contrast to the FICA tax, the employer and employee do not share responsibility for the self-employed tax. Instead, the employer pays 15.3% of Social Security and Medicare taxes. The self-employment tax is also known as the SECA tax (Self-Employment Contributions Act).

Of the total 15.3% SECA tax, 12.4% goes to Social Security, and 2.9% goes to Medicare tax. After you earn $ 142,800, you no longer have to pay the Social Security tax portion.

If your gross taxable wage exceeds the Medicare additional tax limit, you must also pay the extra 0.9% for Medicare tax. The salaries for the Medicare additional tax are the same for the SECA as for the FICA.

Last Verdict

Submit Schedule S.E. to determine the amount of self-employment tax you will have to pay during the tax year. Attach the IRS Schedule S.E. to Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, at.


The following are the three main types of taxes:

  • Income tax
  • Sales tax
  • Payroll taxes

Yeah, every employee must pay taxes. Moreover, payroll taxes are divided equally between employers and employees.

The yearly payroll taxes in Nyc is approximately 10%, but it also depends on the worker’s income.

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